Requirements for constructors
- Construction permit
- Approved architectural and structural drawings by NCA county government
- Approved certificates of architectural and structural drawings by NCA county government and NEMA
- Bill of quantities
- County regulations
- Skilled and unskilled labour
- Construction contract agreement
It will entail the following:
Prices of construction materials particularly around the area.
- Project Description
- Contact price
- Payment basis
- Construction schedule or calender
- Contact document list
- Construction scope
- Construction conditions and responsibility
- Contract laws
We are determined to provide quality housing through construction of modernized houses
Our management approach is to improve efficiency, performance and reduce construction wastes. The
new classical Architecture promotes a sustainable approach towards construction that promotes and develops smart growth,
architectural tradition and classical design.
Incase of bad weather, the construction site may be shut down until favourable climate
During this time scaffolded tents may be erected
in the site thereby reducing the number of lost days
We offer the following types of construction
Construction of residential and commercial buildings
The most common type of construction for residential purposes are maisonette and bungalow
We have an experienced team that has build hundreds of them
The following are the typical initial construction steps for a single-family or small multi-family houses
- Development of floor plans. Materials list for estimation are obtained.
- Building approval is obtained from the government
- The building site is cleared
- Survey is done to stake out for the foundation
- The foundation is escavated and footers are dug
- Foundation and footers are poured with concrete
- The construction process is now underway till is done
We develop commercial buildings such as flats through modern design technics
Here are some of our works
The design is translated into reality
The design oftenly consists of drawings and specifications usually designed by the design team including architech, civil engineers, mechanical engineers,
electrical engineers, structural engineers, fire protection engineers and planning consultants.
Bill of quantity is the provided by the the quantity surveyor.
We use the following materials during the construction process:
- Stainless steel plate
- Aluminium plate
- Welded Wire Mesh
- Conveyor systems, that is elevator and excavator
- Composite materials
- Building insulation equipments
- Conformal coating
Electrical systems and equipments
- Stile and rail, raised panel and wood clad
- Folding doors, garage doors and storefront
- Access, sliding glass doors and tambour
- AC power plugs and sockets
- Circuit breaker
- Electrical connector
- Electrical wiring
HVAC (Heating, ventilation and air conditioning)
Masonry, mortar (masonry), grout
- Plaster & gypsum board
- Cement render
- Ceramic tile, quarry tile, pavers, mosaic
- Dropped ceiling, coffered ceiling
- Flooring – wide plank, terrazzo, carpet
- Wall covering, wallpaper, acoustic
- Paint, wood stain, faux finishing
- Staff – a type of artificial stone
- Wood finishing
- Adobe, brick and brickwork, glass brick, terra cotta
- Artificial stone
- Cinder block or concrete block
- Stone dry stacked or mortar set
- Urbanite – broken-up concrete
- Noxer block
- Structural steel: I-beam & column
- Wire rope and cables
- Metal fabrications
- Metal joist, decking, framing, trusses
- Decorative metal
- Casement, double hung, bay window
- Curtainwall, skylight, dormer
Formwork is a temporary structure
used to shape and support the concrete until it attains sufficient strength to carry its own weight. It should be capable
of carrying all imposed dead and live loads apart from its own weight.
Variety of materials are used such as steel, timber, plastics and fiberglass.
A good formwork has to achieve a balance of the following requirements inorder to carry out its functions:
- Containment - It should be able to shape and support the fluid concrete until it cures.
- Strength - A good formwork should be capable of safely withstanding without distortion.It should not danger the dead weight of the fluid concrete,
labour weight, equipment weight and any environmental loadings that is placed on it.
- Resistance To Leakage - All joints in form work must be either close fitting or covered with form tape to make them grout tight. If grout leakage occurs
the concrete Will leak at that point. Leakages cause honeycombing of the surface.
- Accuracy - Formwork should be accurately set out so that the resulting concrete product is in a right place and is of correct shape and dimensions.
- Ease Of Handling - Form panels and units must be designed so that their maximum size does not exceed that which can be easily handled by hand or mechanical means.
In addition all formwork must also be designed and constructed to include facilities for adjustments, leveling, easing and striking without damage to the form work
- Finish And Reuse Potential - Form face material must be selected to be capable of consistently imparting the desired concrete finish (smooth, textured, featured
or exposed aggregate etc.) and also achieve the required number of reuse.
- Access For Concerted - Formwork arrangement must be provided access for placing of the concrete. The extent of this provision will be dependent on the ease of
carrying out the concrete operations.
- Economy - Formwork is very expensive. On total average about 35% of the total cost of any finished concrete unit or element can be attributed to its formwork;
of this just over 40% can be taken for material for formwork and 60% for labour. Therefore, the formwork designer must not only consider the maximum number of times
that any form can be reused, but also produce a design that will minimize the time taken for erection and striking.
Construction of formwork
- Propping and centering - The props used for centering are steel, timber post or ballies. Pillars made up of brick masonry in mud mortar are sometimes used as props.
- Shuttering - It is made up of timber planks or may be in the form of panel unit made either by fixing ply wood to timber frames or by welding steel plates to angle framing.
- Provision of camber - There are certain amount of deflection in the structure which is unavoidable. It is therefore desirable to give an upward camber in the horizontal member of concrete.
structure to counteract the effect of deflection
- Cleaning and surface treatment - Before concrete is layed, The formwork is cleaned of all rubbish particularly the sawdust savings and chippings.
The face of formwork in contact with concrete is cleaned and treated with release agent like raw linseed oil or soft soap solution to prevent the concrete getting struck to the formwork.
Removal of formwork
| Walls, columns and vertical sides
Removal of props and slabs.Slab spanning upto 4.5M
|Slab spanning over 4.5M
|Removal of props and beams and arches spanning up to 6M
|Spanning over 6M
We build different types of bridges. The bridges are classified by how the forces of compression,
tension, bending, torsion and shear are distributed through their structure.
- Beam bridge
They are horizontal beams supported at each end by a substructure units which can be
simply supported when the beams only connected across a single span or continuous when they
are connected across two or more spans. In case of a multiple span, the intermediate supports are known as piers.
- Truss bridge
Truss is a structure of connected elements forming triangular units. This is a bridge whose bearing substructure is
composed of truss. The connected elements which are typically straight may be stressed from tension, compression, or
sometimes both in response to dynamic loads.
- Cantilever bridge
Cantilever are horizontal beams supported on one end. Cantilever bridges mainly use a pair of continuous spans which
extends from opposite sides of the supporting piers to meet the center of the obstacle the bridge crosses. They are constructed
using much the same materials and techniques as the beam bridges and the difference comes in the action of the forces through the bridge.
- Arch bridge
These type of bridges have abutments at each end. The weight of the bridge is thrust into the abutments at either side
- Tied arch bridge (bowstring arches)
These bridges have arch-shaped substructure and the ends of the arches are restrained by tension in the bottom chord of the structure.
- Suspension bridge
These types of bridges are suspended from cables that hang from towers that are attached to caissons or cofferdams. The caissons or cofferdams
are implanted deep into the bed of the river, lake or ocean. Subtypes include:
- Simple suspension bridge
- Stressed ribbon bridge
- Under spanned suspension bridge
- Suspended-deck suspension bridge
- Self anchored suspension bridge
They are held by cables like the suspension bridge but less cable is required and the towers holding the towers are proportionally higher.
Landscaping is an activity that modifies the visible features of an area of land. These activities include:
- The natural elements such as landforms, terrain shape and elevation, or bodies of water
- Abstract elements such as the weather and lighting conditions.
- The living elements such as flora and fauna; commonly known as gardening,
the art and craft of growing plants with a goal of creating a beautiful environment within the landscape.
Landscaping varies according to different regions and therefore detailed study and observation is carried out by the team of experts before any commencement
We ensure we have fully understood the site by considering the following factors:
- Different natural features like terrain, topography and soil qualities
- Prevailing wind
- Depth of the frost line
- System of native flora and fauna
Sometimes grading (such as removal of excessive waste (landfills), soil and rocks) is done in order to landscape it.
A team of landscaping contractors creates a letter which is a rough design and layout of what can be done with the land in order to achieve the desired outcome
3D graphics of the pictures and plans are made
Legal frameworks are carried out
Commencement of work begins
Before the commencement of the construction process, we ensure that the construction project fit the legal framework governing the property. The project must
adhere to zooning and building codes
The legal requirements comes from various considerations such as
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- Prevent things that are indisputably bad such as bridge collapse or explosion